Dr. Angie Lee or a periodontist may recommend a gum graft to protect your teeth from the damaging effects of gum recession. Gum grafts are also used to treat cosmetic damage and improve your smile.
Gum disease is a problem that affects around 12% of adults and often goes unnoticed until the gum disease is more severe. Often when gum disease progresses, the tissue that surrounds the teeth pulls away from a tooth, exposing more of the tooth or the tooth's root. This is known as gum recession and can cause damage to supporting bone.
Since gum recession is a gradual process, it often goes unnoticed. As teeth become exposed, however, tooth sensitivity can develop. Tooth sensitivity can come become more promenient especially when eating cold or hot foods. Eventually, gum recession, if not treated, can cause tooth loss. To repair the damage and prevent further dental problems, a gum tissue graft may be needed. A gum graft may also be recommended simply to change an unwanted look to your smile.
Three different types of gum tissue grafts are typically performed. The gum graft your periodontist will recommend will be based on your specific needs.
The graft procedures include:
Often, graft material from a tissue bank can be used instead of from the roof of your mouth or neighboring gum area. Sometimes, tissue-stimulating proteins are used to encourage your body's natural ability to grow bone and tissue. Dr. Angie Lee can tell you which method she recommends based on your individual circumstances.